4 - Les dynamiques transfrontalières et la sécurité alimentaire au Sénégal : la filière anacarde dans le Fogny-Kombo (Commune de Kataba 1)
Vol. 47 No. 3 (2022): Africa Development: Special Issue on Agrarian Change, Food Security, Migration and Sustainable Development in Senegal and Zimbabwe
Cross-border mobility has always been a resource used by people to improve their living conditions. The exploitation of the cashew nut culture in Fogny-Kombo is, beyond a strategy of adaptation to climate hazards and reconstruction of a balkanised territory, an illustration of the mobility/food security relationship. The combination of natural factors (scarcity of rains, salinisation of lands) and socio-anthropic factors (high schooling rate and rural exodus) have made it impossible to develop cereal and groundnut crops. In this context, thanks to the cashew nut industry, the population of Fogny- Kombo has achieved food security. In fact, cross-border mobility is an essential factor in the growth of this tree crop, which guarantees a balanced diet. To analyse the relationship between food security and cross-border mobility in Fogny-Kombo, a mixed qualitative and quantitative methodology has been adopted. Thus, in addition to the literature, 50 producers were mobilised to respond to the semi-directive interview guide. The result of this exercise shows a real relationship between cross-border mobility and the development of the cashew nut sector, a source of food security in Fogny-Kombo.